Henry VIII Scenes
London. The council chamber.
(King Henry; Cardinal Wolsey; Nobles; Sir Thomas Lovell; Wolsey’s First Secretary; Duke of Norfolk; Queen Katherine; Suffolk; Buckingham’s Surveyor)
Enter the king, leaning on Wolsey’s shoulder. Henry thanks Wolsey for having discovered Buckingham’s conspiracy. Queen Katherine enters and tells Henry that his poor subjects are in rebellion at the heavy taxes laid on them by Wolsey. The King berates Wolsey for taxing each man a sixth of his income, and repeals the tax. Wolsey has the court secretary write every shire that the tax has been revoked due to his (Wolsey’s) intercession. Queen Katherine (who pities Buckingham) listens at Henry’s side as the King interviews Buckingham’s surveyor, who relates several details of the Duke’s alleged treachery. Convinced that Buckingham intended to assassinate him and take the throne, the King commits to having the Duke tried. ( line)
Cornets. Enter King Henry, leaning on the Cardinal’s shoulder, the Nobles, and Sir Thomas Lovell; the Cardinal places himself under the King’s feet on his right side, his Secretary in attendance.
My life itself, and the best heart of it,
Thanks you for this great care. I stood i’ th’ level
Of a full-charg’d confederacy, and give thanks
To you that chok’d it. Let be call’d before us
That gentleman of Buckingham’s; in person
I’ll hear him his confessions justify,
And point by point the treasons of his master
He shall again relate.
A noise within, crying, “Room for the Queen!” who is usher’d by the Duke of Norfolk.
Enter the Queen Katherine, Norfolk, and Suffolk; she kneels.
The King riseth from his state, takes her up, kisses, and placeth her by him.
Nay, we must longer kneel; I am a suitor.
Arise, and take place by us. Half your suit
Never name to us; you have half our power.
The other moi’ty ere you ask is given;
Repeat your will and take it.
Thank your Majesty.
That you would love yourself, and in that love
Not unconsidered leave your honor nor
The dignity of your office, is the point
Of my petition.
Lady mine, proceed.
I am solicited, not by a few,
And those of true condition, that your subjects
Are in great grievance: there have been commissions
Sent down among ’em, which hath flaw’d the heart
Of all their loyalties; wherein, although,
My good Lord Cardinal, they vent reproaches
Most bitterly on you as putter-on
Of these exactions, yet the King our master—
Whose honor heaven shield from soil!—even he escapes not
Language unmannerly; yea, such which breaks
The sides of loyalty, and almost appears
In loud rebellion.
Not almost appears,
It doth appear; for, upon these taxations,
The clothiers all, not able to maintain
The many to them ’longing, have put off
The spinsters, carders, fullers, weavers, who,
Unfit for other life, compell’d by hunger
And lack of other means, in desperate manner
Daring th’ event to th’ teeth, are all in uproar,
And danger serves among them.
Wherein? And what taxation? My Lord Cardinal,
You that are blam’d for it alike with us,
Know you of this taxation?
Please you, sir,
I know but of a single part in aught
Pertains to th’ state; and front but in that file
Where others tell steps with me.
No, my lord?
You know no more than others? But you frame
Things that are known alike, which are not wholesome
To those which would not know them, and yet must
Perforce be their acquaintance. These exactions
(Whereof my sovereign would have note), they are
Most pestilent to th’ hearing, and, to bear ’em,
The back is sacrifice to th’ load. They say
They are devis’d by you, or else you suffer
Too hard an exclamation.
The nature of it? In what kind, let’s know,
Is this exaction?
I am much too venturous
In tempting of your patience; but am bold’ned
Under your promis’d pardon. The subject’s grief
Comes through commissions, which compels from each
The sixt part of his substance, to be levied
Without delay; and the pretense for this
Is nam’d, your wars in France. This makes bold mouths,
Tongues spit their duties out, and cold hearts freeze
Allegiance in them; their curses now
Live where their prayers did; and it’s come to pass
This tractable obedience is a slave
To each incensed will. I would your Highness
Would give it quick consideration, for
There is no primer baseness.
By my life,
This is against our pleasure.
And for me,
I have no further gone in this than by
A single voice, and that not pass’d me but
By learned approbation of the judges. If I am
Traduc’d by ignorant tongues, which neither know
My faculties nor person, yet will be
The chronicles of my doing, let me say
’Tis but the fate of place, and the rough brake
That virtue must go through. We must not stint
Our necessary actions in the fear
To cope malicious censurers, which ever,
As rav’nous fishes, do a vessel follow
That is new trimm’d, but benefit no further
Than vainly longing. What we oft do best,
By sick interpreters (once weak ones) is
Not ours, or not allow’d; what worst, as oft,
Hitting a grosser quality, is cried up
For our best act. If we shall stand still,
In fear our motion will be mock’d or carp’d at,
We should take root here where we sit, or sit
Things done well
And with a care exempt themselves from fear;
Things done without example, in their issue
Are to be fear’d. Have you a president
Of this commission? I believe, not any.
We must not rend our subjects from our laws,
And stick them in our will. Sixth part of each?
A trembling contribution! Why, we take
From every tree, lop, bark, and part o’ th’ timber;
And, though we leave it with a root, thus hack’d,
The air will drink the sap. To every county
Where this is question’d send our letters, with
Free pardon to each man that has denied
The force of this commission. Pray look to’t;
I put it to your care.
Aside to the First SecretaryWOL.1. WOL. SECR.
A word with you.
Let there be letters writ to every shire,
Of the King’s grace and pardon. The grieved commons
Hardly conceive of me; let it be nois’d
That through our intercession this revokement
And pardon comes. I shall anon advise you
Further in the proceeding.
Exit First Secretary.1. WOL. SECR.
Enter Buckingham’s Surveyor.
I am sorry that the Duke of Buckingham
Is run in your displeasure.
It grieves many.
The gentleman is learn’d, and a most rare speaker,
To nature none more bound; his training such
That he may furnish and instruct great teachers
And never seek for aid out of himself. Yet see,
When these so noble benefits shall prove
Not well dispos’d, the mind growing once corrupt,
They turn to vicious forms, ten times more ugly
Than ever they were fair. This man so complete,
Who was enroll’d ’mongst wonders, and when we,
Almost with ravish’d list’ning, could not find
His hour of speech a minute—he, my lady,
Hath into monstrous habits put the graces
That once were his, and is become as black
As if besmear’d in hell. Sit by us, you shall hear
(This was his gentleman in trust) of him
Things to strike honor sad. Bid him recount
The fore-recited practices, whereof
We cannot feel too little, hear too much.
Stand forth, and with bold spirit relate what you,
Most like a careful subject, have collected
Out of the Duke of Buckingham.
First, it was usual with him—every day
It would infect his speech—that if the King
Should without issue die, he’ll carry it so
To make the sceptre his. These very words
I’ve heard him utter to his son-in-law,
Lord Aburga’ny, to whom by oath he menac’d
Revenge upon the Cardinal.
Please your Highness note
This dangerous conception in this point,
Not friended by his wish, to your high person;
His will is most malignant, and it stretches
Beyond you to your friends.
My learn’d Lord Cardinal,
Deliver all with charity.
How grounded he his title to the crown
Upon our fail? To this point hast thou heard him
At any time speak aught?
He was brought to this
By a vain prophecy of Nicholas Henton.
What was that Henton?
Sir, a Chartreux friar,
His confessor, who fed him every minute
With words of sovereignty.
How know’st thou this?
Not long before your Highness sped to France,
The Duke being at the Rose, within the parish
Saint Lawrence Poultney, did of me demand
What was the speech among the Londoners
Concerning the French journey. I replied,
Men fear the French would prove perfidious,
To the King’s danger. Presently the Duke
Said, ’twas the fear indeed, and that he doubted
’Twould prove the verity of certain words
Spoke by a holy monk “that oft,” says he,
“Hath sent to me, wishing me to permit
John de la Car, my chaplain, a choice hour
To hear from him a matter of some moment;
Whom after under the confession’s seal
He solemnly had sworn that what he spoke
My chaplain to no creature living but
To me should utter, with demure confidence
This pausingly ensu’d: ‘Neither the King nor ’s heirs
(Tell you the Duke) shall prosper. Bid him strive
To the love o’ th’ commonalty; the Duke
Shall govern England.’”
If I know you well,
You were the Duke’s surveyor, and lost your office
On the complaint o’ th’ tenants. Take good heed
You charge not in your spleen a noble person
And spoil your nobler soul; I say, take heed;
Yes, heartily beseech you.
Let him on.
On my soul, I’ll speak but truth.
I told my lord the Duke, by th’ devil’s illusions
The monk might be deceiv’d, and that ’twas dangerous for him
To ruminate on this so far, until
It forg’d him some design, which being believ’d,
It was much like to do. He answer’d, “Tush,
It can do me no damage”; adding further
That had the King in his last sickness fail’d,
The Cardinal’s and Sir Thomas Lovell’s heads
Should have gone off.
Ha? What, so rank? Ah ha,
There’s mischief in this man. Canst thou say further?
I can, my liege.
Being at Greenwich,
After your Highness had reprov’d the Duke
About Sir William Bulmer—
Of such a time, being my sworn servant,
The Duke retain’d him his. But on; what hence?
“If,” quoth he, “I for this had been committed—
As to the Tower, I thought—I would have play’d
The part my father meant to act upon
Th’ usurper Richard, who, being at Salisbury,
Made suit to come in ’s presence; which if granted,
As he made semblance of his duty would
Have put his knife into him.”
A giant traitor!
Now, madam, may his Highness live in freedom,
And this man out of prison?
God mend all!
There’s something more would out of thee; what say’st?
After “the Duke his father,” with the “knife,”
He stretch’d him, and with one hand on his dagger,
Another spread on ’s breast, mounting his eyes,
He did discharge a horrible oath, whose tenor
Was, were he evil us’d, he would outgo
His father by as much as a performance
Does an irresolute purpose.
There’s his period,
To sheathe his knife in us. He is attach’d,
Call him to present trial. If he may
Find mercy in the law, ’tis his; if none,
Let him not seek’t of us. By day and night,
He’s traitor to th’ height.